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Welcome to the Western Wall tunnels,
my name is Yehuda, I'll be your tour guide today.
Before we enter the tunnels, let's briefly walk
through the history of Jerusalem.
In front of us, there is a model of a mountain,
This mountain is a very famous one
It's called Mount Moriah
In reality, this mountain is right here behind me
The reason you don't see this mountain today
is that there was a big structure built upon it called the Temple Mount
according to Jewish tradition
right over here, the peak of the mountain
is called the Foundation Stone
it's the spiritual center of the Earth.
Our story starts
three thousand years ago, with King David
who establishes a capital here in Jerusalem
The story continues with his son, King Solomon
who builds the First Temple, and after that
the Second Temple will be built
Our story starts in the tunnels
two thousand years ago
towards the end of the Second Temple era
a very famous king comes into power here in Jerusalem.
His name is King Herod
he wants to appear kind, he wants the Jewish people to like him,
so he decides to glorify the Temple
He does it by digging out this hill in the North
and filling in the lower parts of the mountain with arches
and above that, a huge platform
which we know today as
the Temple Mount
Right over here is the Foundation Stone
which above that
King Herod reconovates the Second Temple
and builds the most glorious Temple ever seen
Sadly, in the year 70,
a Roman general names Titus comes to Jerusalem,
conquers the city,
and on the 9th of the Jewish month Av
destroys the Second Temple
1, 400 years ago, the Muslims built
the structure we all know today
in the middle of the Temple Mount, the Golden Dome
the Dome of the Rock.
700 years ago, in Jerusalem time, is practically yesterday
the Mamluks come to Jerusalem
Mamluks were devoted Muslims
deciding that every citizen should have access into the Temple Mount.
They do want to climb from the valley
where they lived, up to the Al-Aqsa mosque, up and down
5 times a day like a yo yo.
In the same technique Herod used
they filled in the entire valley with arches
leaning against the Western Wall,
arches, above arches, above arches
and above these arches, they built houses
they create what we know today as
the Muslim quarter of the Old City,
As you can see, the Muslim quarter today
conceals most of the Western Wall, leaving us
only a small portion exposed