Valley of the cross, Jerusalem
The valley of the cross is named after the Greek-Orthodox Monastery of the Cross which lies in the Valley. It is believed by some to be the site where the tree which was used to make Jesus’ Cross once stood, which is the origin of the name of the valley and monastery.
In beginning of the 4th century the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great declared this to be the site of Adam’s skull from which grew the tree used for the making of Christ’s Cross. The monastery was built by the Crusaders in the Holy Land during the 11th Century AD and was sold to the Greek Patriarchate in the 17th century. The valley today also serves as a park and youth group center in Jerusalem.