Jewish Temple 3D tour

The heart of Jewish Faith

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The Jewish Temple 3D

The Jewish Temple 3D

The Jewish Temple in Jerusalem as it stood 2000 years ago

Visit the holiest site in Judaism - the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem as it once stood 2000 years ago! Take a 3D virtual tour of the Second Temple in Jerusalem as never seen before! Follow the guided tour or navigate yourself and explore the holiest site in Judaism.

Explore & learn of its importance and place in Jewish tradition in history and present times and let yourself be taken back in time with the many chambers, objects and stories of this holy site such as:

  • The Holy of Holies—Where only the great Cohen was allowed and only on Yom Kippur.
  • The Menorah—The symbol of the Jewish faith, exile and Israel.
  • The Ark of the Covenant—That contained the Stone Tablets that were given to Moses by God.

Walk around freely, learn and experience this holy site close to the hearts of millions around the globe.

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The Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

The Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

Background & History

Jerusalem, the holy city is where the two Jewish temples once stood. The term The Jewish Temple refers to both Jewish temples that were at the time the center of Jewish life. The entire essence of Judaism was treasured in the Jewish Temple. It is said that when the Jewish Temple had stood the world flowed with awe of God and admiration for the Torah, the Bible in Hebrew.

The book of Psalms describes the Jewish Temple in these words: One thing I ask the Lord, this is what I seek: That I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life. To gaze upon the beauty of the Lord and to seek him in his Temple.(Psalm 27: 4)

According to Jewish tradition, King David dreamed of building a magnificent temple dedicated to God but could not do this for he was a worrier with blood on his hands. King Solomon, his son and successor, built the First Temple on Mount Moriah, also known today as the “Temple Mount” during the 10th century BCE. For that reason, the First Temple was also known as Solomon's Temple. According to Jewish tradition, the Temple was located where today stands the Dome of the Rock, on Temple Mount. It housed the Ark of the Covenant and replaced the tabernacle of Moses as a sole site for worship and sacrifices for God.

The “Holy of the Holies”, also known in Hebrew as “Kodesh Kodashim” was considered as the most prominent room in Temple. The Ten Commandments that were given to the Jews on Mount Sinai were treasured in this room.

After King Solomon's death, Israel was divided and Jerusalem became the capital of Judah. It was ruled by abundant of kings. In 586 BCE, Jerusalem and the Holy Temple on the Temple Mount were completely destroyed by the Babylonians and their king Nebuchadnezzar.

50 years later, in 538 BC, Jews were allowed by Persian King Cyprus the Great to return to Jerusalem from their exile and build the temple. The “Second Temple” was built in 516 BC.

According to the Jewish historian, Josephus Flavius, Herod the Great refashioned the Temple and made it a great edifice. King Herod was known for his building aspirations and the Second Temple was considered his greatest masterpiece.

However, these times in Judaism were dark. The Second Temple in Jerusalem was desecrated. Pigs were sacrificed; a Hellenistic priest was brought into the Temple, any study of the Torah, the Jewish bible was forbidden. The Greek culture was forced with great cruelty. Following that, the large Maccabean revolt had occurred. The rebellion against Antiochus was led by Mattityahu, a Jewish priest and was later followed by his successor, Judah the Maccabee (The Jewish warriors were named the Maccabees). Though they were outnumbered, The Maccabees fought bravely and after three years, in 165 BCE defeated Antiochus and his forces.

Following their victory, the Maccabees regained the Jewish control over the Temple and Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Judah the Maccabee ordered to purify the temple and prepare it for its re-dedication to God. When the Maccabees wanted to light the holy Temple Menorah they discovered there's only little purified oil left. To their amazement, this small portion of oil burned for eight days. The fact that the purified oil was enough for eight days is regarded in Jewish tradition as the miracle of Hanukkah

According to the Jewish historian, Josephus Flavius, under the Roman Empire rule of Jerusalem and the Holy Land, Herod the Great refashioned the Second Temple and made it a great edifice. King Herod was known for his building aspirations and the Second Temple was considered his greatest masterpiece.

The Second Temple was destroyed in 70 CE by the Romans and their leader Titus. Jerusalem was destroyed and the Jews were enslaved and sent to exile.

In Judaism, the 9th of the Av month, Tisha B'Av, is a fast day in that commemorates the destruction of the Jewish Temple and will be forever regarded in Jewish history is a tragic event.

Despite the destruction of the Jewish Temple, the dream of building the Third Temple never ceased to exist in the heart of the Jewish nation. On the contrary, Traditional Jews pray three times a day for the restoration of the Temple and it is part of ceremonies such as Bar Mitzvah’s and weddings. The breaking of the glass in wedding commemorates the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem which once stood high on the Temple Mount.

The Western Wall in the old city of Jerusalem is the retaining wall that once supported the Second Temple enclosure. It became a center of mourning over the destruction of the Temple and Israel's exile. The sea of tears that washes the Western Wall for over 2000 years has entitled it by the name “The Wailing Wall”.

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Inside the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

Inside the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

The Second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

Beit HaMikdash, The Jewish Temple, was the center of the Jewish spiritual world. It was built as part of God’s commandment to Moses in the desert, as is written in the book of ‘Shmot’-Exodus:

“Let them construct a sanctuary for Me, that I may dwell among them”

The Temple stood high on the peak of Mount Moriah, also known as the Temple Mount, where according to Jewish tradition Abraham nearly sacrificed his only son Isaac as an act of faith.

The tunnels leading to the Temple are known as the ‘Hulda Gates’. Jewish pilgrims would enter the premises on the right tunnel and exit on the left. Thousands of worshippers would pass here daily with goats and lamb to offer as sacrifice.

The stairs leading to the gates are alternately wide and narrow to prevent running up the stairs in haste. Scholars also propose that the stairs were built this way to enable pilgrims to comfortably ascend to the Temple with the sacrificial animal.

Coming out of the Tunnels

Built by King Herod, the Second Temple was one of the most impressive and awe inspiring structures of its time. Its beauty is even referenced to in the Talmud, as it is said: “Whoever has not seen Beit Hamikdash standing high, has not seen splendor in his life”.

The courts of the Temple were used for teaching, preaching and joyous celebration during the high holidays when tens of thousands would make the pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Temple.

Two Temples once stood here. The first Temple, the Temple of Solomon, was built by King Solomon 3000 years ago and stood for almost 5 centuries until its destruction by the Babylonians in the 6th century BCE. About 70 years later, Jews returning from exile in Babylon built the Second Temple which also stood for some 500 years until its destruction by the Roman Empire in 70 AD.

Women’s Court

Just as is still customary in Orthodox Synagogues today, women and men were separated to keep the minds pure of improper thoughts in the place of the divine presence of God. Women would enter from the northern stairs and stand on the walls above the court and men stood on the ground level.

Four chambers surrounded the Women’s court, each designated for a specific function in the Temple. One chamber held the wood used for the sacrificial fires; another held the oils; another was designated for monks who would trim their hair and offer sacrifice upon the completion of their monasticism period; the last chamber was used by those afflicted with leprosy for purification and sacrifices.

The stairs ahead are where the Levites once played music and sang beautiful songs of praise during the holidays.

There are three high holidays known as ‘Shalosh Regalim’ in which Jews were required to make a pilgrimage to the Temple and offer sacrifice to God — Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot. The great rejoicing of Sukkot at the temple is known as ‘Simchat Beit HaShoeivah’ and tens of thousands of Jews came from all over the land to join. Accompanied by the music and singing of the Levites this was a glorious celebration of the drawing of water from the city of David to the Temple to be used in the libation ceremony.

Inner Court

Moving further into sacred ground, we enter the Inner court. Here stood the main altar with the ‘Eternal Fire’ that burned constantly to offer sacrifices. Only a priest, a ‘Cohen’ was allowed to enter further beyond this point.

On the north-eastern section of the courtyard was the ‘Gazit’ Chamber. This was the chamber house of the ‘Great Sanhedrin’ – which was a council of 71 wise men who served as the supreme judiciary body of the Jewish nation. The uneven number prevented the possibility of a tied vote.

The inner court was mostly used for sacrifices and preparation for ceremonies in the Temple itself. The slaughter of the sacrificial animals took place in the northern part of the court and the southern part included chambers and a ritual bath known as ‘Mikveh’ which was used for purification and is still customary in Jewish tradition.

The Sanctuary

The sanctuary of the Temple, known as the ‘Heichal’ was the main hall used in the daily work of the Temple. It is here that the ‘Menorah’, ‘Altar of Incense’ and ‘Table of Showbread’ were kept. All these items were made of pure gold according to the specification given to Moses by God during the exodus of the people of Israel from Egypt.

Separating the Sanctuary from the Holy of Holies was the ‘Parochet’ - a beautiful drape embroidered with two lions and an eagle. To this day, most Torah Arks are covered by a Parochet and the lion has since become the official symbol of the city of Jerusalem.

In the first Temple of King Solomon, there were 11 Menorahs and 11 Tables of Showbread which Solomon added to those built by Moses. The tools of the ‘Mishkan’, the mobile temple used during the exodus in the desert, were all created by the artist ‘Bezalel’.

Holy of Holies

The Holy of Holies is the most sacred spot in Judaism for it is believed that upon this place resides the divine spirit of ‘Hashem’, God. At its center is the ‘Foundation Stone’ from which the world was created according to the Talmud. It was upon this rock that the Ark of the Covenant containing the holy ‘Stone Tablets’, stood during the glorious days of Solomon’s Temple until its destruction.

Only the ‘Cohen Ha’Gadol’, the high priest, was allowed in here during one day of the year – Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of Atonement. If repairs needed to be made, workers would be lowered in a special box from the roof as to not see or disturb any other part of the Holy of Holies.

The destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans in 70 AD marked the end of sacrificial Judaism and introduced the new era of Rabbinic Judaism. To this day Jews all over the world turn their prayers to this site and wish for the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem.

This ends our tour of the Temple in Jerusalem. Visit Jerusalem.com for more 3D virtual tours of Jerusalem.

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Jerusalem 3D Tours

Jerusalem 3D Tours

By Jerusalem.com

Rising above politics, conflicts and geographical boundaries, the Jerusalem.com “Jerusalem 3D Tours” are a truly spiritual, enjoyable and educational experience for the whole family unlike anything seen before. The 3D Jerusalem Tours enable anyone to visit these holy sites without needing to buy a plane ticket and serve as an excellent guide for those who do come to the holy city of Jerusalem.

Our Jerusalem 3D tours fuse faith with cutting edge technology making it possible to bring the holiest sites of Jerusalem and the world to you! Through our Jerusalem 3D Tours, you can explore and see more than available in reality and easily visit places which capture the hearts of millions worldwide. You can read, listen and see actual photos of the sites, the sacred items and learn about the fascinating stories and history which lie behind these Holy Christian, Muslim and Jewish sites in the Holy city of Jerusalem.

Our team of artists, developers and researchers created this innovative and unique experience with a great emphasis on colors, shapes, symmetry, sizes, compositions and proportions. Every element of the Jerusalem.com 3D tour is designed to convey the true atmosphere of the site.

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