Dome Of The Rock, Jerusalem

Dome Of The Rock, Jerusalem
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem - Known to be the most famous Islamic site in Jerusalem. It is believed to have been built over the sacred rock from which the Prophet Mohammed ascended into heaven. The Dome of the Rock is part of a large Muslim shrine known as the “Noble Sanctuary”, which commemorates the “Isra and Mi’raj”, or the two part journey of the Prophet’s “Night Journey” in 621.

Before it became a Muslim shrine, the Dome of the Rock was a place of worship for Jews. According to the Book of Genesis of the Old Testament of the Bible, Abraham (also known as “Father of Many Nations” and “Father of Faith”) was commanded by God to offer up his second son Isaac as a sacrifice to Him. The Bible states that just as Abraham was about to carry out the sacrificial rituals, God was pleased with his obedience, and sent a lamb to be used in place of Isaac. According to Jewish belief, this incident took place on the slab of stone over which the Dome of the Rock was later built.

Construction on the Dome of the Rock was initiated by  Umayyad Caliph Abd Al-Malik Ibn Marwan in 689. Two engineers named Yazid Ibn Salam and Raja Ibn Haywah from Jerusalem and Baysan were in charge of the construction. It was discovered later that the measurements for the Dome of the Rock correspond with those of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (in Calvary, Jerusalem). The engineers are expected to have built the Dome according to the measurements taken from the plans for the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Construction work was completed in the latter half of 601.

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