Last Supper Room in Jerusalem

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The Last Supper Room in Jerusalem, also known as Cenacle (upper room) is the room which
memorializes where Jesus is believed to have gathered to share his last supper with his
disciples to celebrate the Passover on the day of Pentecost, before his crucifixion shortly
after. Jesus performed the Christian ceremony of Eucharist by breaking his break and
telling his disciples to break their bread and drink their wine as a representation of his
flesh and blood to commemorate him during the Last Supper.

Built in the 12th century, the Last Supper Room is a second-story room, located right
above the Tomb of David on Mount Zion. It is a large, rectangular shaped hall which
is supported by three pillars dividing it into three naves and a groin-vaulted ceiling.
Although it can not be authenticated that the Last Supper was in fact held in this room
as it is only there to honor the memory of the event, it is believed that the room is near
the actual site or could possibly stand over since it is known that there was a building on
the same spot in the 2nd century AD.

Initially the site was the first Christian church later on known as the Mother Church of
Jerusalem after which it was identified as the site of the Last Supper Room. The church
was destroyed during the Persian attack subsequent to which the room was built there
by the Crusaders. The Gothic elements to its architecture is an indication that the room
was built by the Crusaders, but later on mended by Franciscans who used it as a Friary
some time during the 14th century. After the eviction of Franciscans monks, the Last
Supper Room was turned into a mosque by the Turks in the early 16th century. The
remains of the mosque are still apparent through the ornate ‘mihrab’ and Ottoman
stained-glass windows with Arab inscriptions on them.

The significance of the Last Supper Room is paramount for Christians; however,
they were not allowed to enter it until the establishment of Israel as a state in 1948.
Its ownership was given to Catholics after the visit of Pope John Paul the second in
exchange of a church in Toledo, Spain which was turned into a Jewish synagogue.
Although at one point or another, the upper room has had its importance for all
religions and proves to serve as a popular tourist attraction for a religious as well as
historic reason.

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